Verbs are used in various ways in English. They are required to make complete sentences. That’s why it’s imperative for a writer to clearly identify verbs and understand how they are properly used.
Verbs: A Quick Glimpse
Merriam Webster’s online dictionary defines verbs as a word or group of words that show and denote action, occurrence, or state of being. Some examples of words include love, study, is, are, believe, and more.
Below are the types of verbs you should know:
Action verbs are action words that denote physical or mental action. These verbs tell us what the subject of a clause or sentence is doing. There are three types of action verbs: transitive verb, intransitive verb, and linking verb.
Transitive verbs are action verbs that can have a noun that follows it. It is followed by a direct object that answers ‘what’ or ‘who’)
Examples: read a book
(The verb is ‘read’; read what? – a book)
give Ivy a gift
(The verb is ‘give’; give who? – Ivy)
Intransitive verbs are those action verbs that cannot be connected directly to a noun. They require the help of a preposition.
Examples: arrive with caution
(The verb is ‘arrive’)
walk to the building
(The verb is ‘walk’)
Non-Action Verbs or Verb Be
Non-action verbs can act as the main verb or an auxiliary verb.
He is a warrior. (the verb is ‘is’)
The building was destroyed by the earthquake. (the verb is ‘was’)
Linking verbs are non-be action words that connect a grammatical subject to an adjective.
Mangoes taste sweet.
She seems to be overwhelmed today.
He looks tired.
An auxiliary verb is also called a linking verb. It cannot form a sentence all by itself. It needs to be hooked up with the main verb to show tenses of verbs.
There are three types of the auxiliary verb: have, do, be
Have: has, have, having, had, and hadn’t or had not.
When used as an auxiliary verb, have is must always with another verb to create a complete thought in a sentence.
We should have been more careful with the plan.
She has a big goal this 2019.
Do: do, does, did, doesn’t, don’t, didn’t
‘Do’ can be viewed and used as an action verb that stands alone in all various tenses,
Henry doesn’t always feel confident about himself.
She didn’t know what to do with the problem.
Be: be, to be, been, are, is, am, were, wasn’t, aren’t
If you’re using an auxiliary verb, you must always pair ‘be’ is with another verb to create a complete verb phrase.
Dhalia is going to be creating a new plan for the foundation.
Lieila has been watching her friends since this morning.
Modal Auxiliary Verbs
In addition, there are also called modal auxiliary verbs such as the following:
– ought to
We’ll be posting more articles on how you can improve your English writing skills, so please keep posted. Happy learning!